The cost of building a house in Nigeria keeps rising with very few individuals getting the chance and the necessary funds to set up structures that would perfectly accommodate them.
The economic downturn and the devaluation of the Naira have seen costs of building materials like cement and prices of landed properties skyrocket.
This makes it even difficult for middle and low-income earners to set up their dream house. However, you wouldn’t have to break the bank to build your dream house in Nigeria if you plan carefully and avoid some unnecessary expenses while building your house.
It would be hard to say exactly how much it would cost to build a house in Nigeria but this article will provide a comprehensive guide that will direct you on how to make estimations and get started.
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How to Estimate the Cost of Building a House in Nigeria
To build a house, you would first need to acquire land. A piece of land would cost you about N200,000 to N20 million, depending on the size and location of the land (if it’s in a rural or urban area). Land in Lagos, Abuja, Owerri and Port Harcourt will definitely be more expensive than those in the Northern states.
It is also important to inspect the land before purchase to prevent getting scammed or buying land that is prone to erosion, flooding or one with a bad soil as this would raise the cost of building the house.
The next thing to consider when estimating the cost of building a house in Nigeria is the type of house you intend to build. A 3-bedroom bungalow will cost more than a 3-bedroom duplex and if you decide to add extensions like a garage, you will have to spend more money.
The cost of building a 3-bedroom bungalow could be anything from N3 million to N12 million. The addition of several structures like pillars and the use of POP ceiling will definitely add to the cost of erecting the house.
Before any house can be built, it has to be planned and drawn, which is the job of the architect. After choosing a house type, you will require the service of an architect to design the said building for you. However, you might also require the government to approve of the building plan and this will also incur some expenses.
Contractor – Workmanship
The building process of a house is handled by a general contractor who provides all the equipment and services needed to erect the house. The general contractor will impose a charge for his services and this charge will not only serve him but all the labourers he will hire to erect your house. These labourers may include plumbers, bricklayers, carpenters, electricians, painters, and scaffolders.
The entire building process will require several building materials and the payment of labourers either on a daily or hourly basis. The building process will be explained in the pre-building, building, and post building processes below to make it easier for you to understand.
Generally, costs incurred in the entire process would include payment of labourers, buying of building materials like bags of cement, plywood, gravel, shovels, iron rods, and sand.
This involves preparing the land and setting the foundation. The land will have to be dug and blocks erected to serve as the foundation. The cost incurred here will include buying of building materials like shovels, plywood, headpans, bags of cement, iron rods, etc.
You will also need to construct the septic tank during this period so as to use the sand dug from the area to fill the foundation and reduce cost on purchasing extra sand for the filling.
You will have to use the same building materials in the building process and the costs will definitely increase depending on the size of the house you intend to build.
Post building process includes painting, wiring, flooring, plastering, roofing, and so on. The cost incurred will be the buying of these materials which are aluminum roofing sheets and plywood to support the aluminum sheets, bags of cement for the plastering, buckets of paint for the painting, wiring equipment, POP ceiling, and so on.
You would also need to erect scaffolds during the plastering process, but this will depend on the house type. This might not really be necessary if you are building a bungalow.
Fencing a house shouldn’t cost much and might not really be necessary unless you want a really private life or built your house in an unsecured area. To fence a house, all you require are the same building materials used in the pre-building process. However, if you choose to make your fence more fancy by adding light bulbs and barbed wire at the top, then you would have to spend more.
Setting Up a Water Pump
This process follows the plumbing of the house. The water pump house is set close to the building and pipes will connect the inner plumbing to the water tank. The water tank is set up at a level above the ground through the aid of scaffolds. The cost incurred here could be the cost of purchasing the water pump, erecting the scaffold structure and the water pump house and also buying a water tank.
The number of water tanks to be purchased will depend on the number of flats in the house. A 3-bedroom flat will do well with 1 small or medium sized water tank.
This is a post-building process that includes tiling, fitting of wardrobes, doors, windows, window bars, light bulbs, and so on.
The cost of building your house may not be the same as that of someone else even if you are both building the same type of house. Costs will go up or come down, depending on what you decided to add or remove.
The cost of building a house in Nigeria is highly dependent on the cost of building materials. Below is a quick list of the current prices of some building materials in Nigeria
A bag of cement costs N2,500 (would be higher depending on your location and brand)
Iron rods per ton costs about N160,000 to N320,000.
A tipper of granite of about 30 tons sells for N140,000 to N180,000
Plywood costs around N4,200 per unit
Aluminum roofing sheets cost about N1,200 to N4,000 per square meter
Note: These prices keep increasing, thereby making it difficult to really estimate the cost of building a house in Nigeria. This guide will help you make a good estimation of what your budget should look like when planning to build a house in Nigeria.
About the Author
Lewis Ray is a passionate Nigerian who loves to provide answers to questions. He has written a well-detailed article on the cost of building materials in Nigeria on his blog, LewisRayLaw, where he shares useful pieces of information.