The Monkey Pox epidemic has now been reported in several locations in Nigeria such Lagos, Enugu, Akwa Ibom, Kaduna, and Bayelsa and this has caused panic among Nigerians. The mininstry of health has warned against the consumption of bush meat and rodents as these are the causes of this infectious disease.
Monkeypox is a rare viral zoonosis (a virus transmitted to humans from animals) with symptoms in humans similar to those seen in the past in smallpox patients, although less severe. Smallpox was eradicated in 1980. However,monkey-pox still occurs sporadically in some parts of Africa.
Transmission of Monkey pox
Transmission of monkey pox virus occurs when a person comes into contact with the virus from an animal, human, or materials contaminated with the virus.
This post will list some confirmed symptoms and ways to prevention yourself from contacting the Monkey pox disease.
Prevention of Monkey Pox
• Avoid contact with animals that could harbor the virus (including animals that are sick or that have been found dead in areas where monkeypox occurs).
• Avoid contact with any materials, such as bedding, that has been in contact with a sick animal.
• Isolate infected patients from others who could be at risk for infection.
• Practice good hand hygiene after contact with infected animals or humans. For example, washing your hands with soap and water or using an alcohol- based hand sanitizer.
• Use personal protective equipment (PPE) when caring for patients.
Symptoms of Monkey Pox.
Monkeypox begins with fever, headache, muscle aches, and exhaustion. The main difference between symptoms of smallpox and monkeypox is that monkeypox causes lymph nodes to swell (lymphadenopathy) while smallpox does not.
The incubation period (time from infection to symptoms) for monkeypox is usually 7−14 days but can range from 5−21 days.
The illness begins with:
• Muscle aches
• Swollen lymph nodes